an Active Wrench Setting: The Upper Red Series,
Dorothy1, Jonathan Redfern2 (1)
A new 3D survey covers several oil and gas fields in a chain
extending along the Apsheron-Balkhan Sill from
An east-west oriented right-lateral strike-slip fault system extends from the Burun Field to the Nebit Dag Field. Faulting from Pliocene to present has produced lateral movement up 5 km. A mud diapir exploiting the fault uplifts the eastern end of the Burun Field.
In the earliest Pliocene, north to south oriented channels suggest one basin existed, with little or no impact on sedimentation from faulting. By the next stage of the early Pliocene, localized occurrences of downlap prograding southwest to northeast support uplift and erosion on Reidel shears. Towards the end of the early Pliocene, thickness patterns indicate that a small pull-apart basin had formed. In the middle Pliocene repeated onlap of seismic reflectors towards the northeast in the southern half of the fields suggests that a mud diapir rose in several episodes. By the late Pliocene channel directions, thickness patterns, and orientation of onlapping and downlapping reflectors in the northern and southern halves of the fields indicate division into two sub-basins. Hence, during the Pliocene, depocenters of reservoir quality sand shifted with phases of movement of the regional wrench fault, associated Reidel shears and the local mud diapir.