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Figure 7

Figure 7. Relationship between slow-S velocity (S2) and fracture density (FD). As fracture density increases, S2 velocity decreases. In contrast, fast-S velocity S1 and P-wave velocity VP do not change, or change by only minor amounts across blocks A through E. In isotropic blocks A and E, there is no S-wave splitting and only one S-wave velocity VS. In all blocks (A through E), fast-S velocity = VS, the velocity in the non-fractured rock. Mineralogy, porosity and pore fluid do not change across the profile. The only Earth properties that vary from block to block are fracture density and orientation.