--> Stratigraphic Architecture, Lithofacies, and Reservoir Quality: Tengiz and Korolev Fields, Caspian Basin, Kazakhstan, by P.M. Harris, J.F. Collins, K.L. Putney, A. Zhumagulova, and D. Fischer, #20053 (2008)

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Stratigraphic Architecture, Lithofacies, and Reservoir Quality: Tengiz and Korolev Fields, Caspian Basin, Kazakhstan*


P.M. Harris1, J.F. Collins2, K.L. Putney2, A. Zhumagulova3, and D. Fischer3


Search and Discovery Article #20053 (2008)

Posted June 5, 2008


*Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG International Conference, Paris, France, September 11-14, 2005.

Click to view list of articles adapted from presentations by P.M. (Mitch) Harris or by his co-workers and him at AAPG meetings from 2000 to 2008.


1 ChevronTexaco Energy Technology Company, San Ramon, California ([email protected])

2 ExxonMobil Development Company, Houston, Texas

3 TengizChevroil, Atyrau, Kazakhstan



Tengiz and Korolev are isolated carbonate platform reservoirs separated by less than 15 kilometers in the southeastern portion of the PriCaspian basin. They have similar thickness and stratigraphic age range, but Tengiz is large (100 km2) compared to Korolev (7 km2).

Eight sequences are recognized within the Tengiz and Korolev platforms from seismic and well data: Devonian, Tournaisian, Visean D, Visean C, Visean B, Visean A, Serpukhovian, and Bashkirian. The Tournasian through Visean C sequences form the transgressive portion of a second-order supersequence that culminated in near-drowning of both platforms. The Visean B through Serpukhovian sequences comprise the regressive part of the supersequence. This regressive phase is characterized by up to 2 kilometers of basinward progradation during the Serpukhovian; the progradation is asymmetrical and irregular at both platforms.

Reservoirs in the Visean A through Bashkirian sequences are dominated by interparticle porosity and matrix microporosity in grain-rich facies over much of the Tengiz platform, whereas vugs and solution-enlarged fractures produce drilling circulation losses in microbial boundstone slope facies surrounding the platform. Lost circulation greatly enhances well productivity and reservoir connectivity in this facies even though it is commonly associated with scattered, relatively thin, high-permeability zones. At Korolev, secondary pore-types and lost-circulation zones (LCZs) are present in both the platform and slope facies in the same reservoir intervals, resulting in increased connectivity throughout the field.




Similar Stratigraphic Architecture


  • Pervasive Transitional Reservoir
    • cyclic variations suppressed
    • excess perm LCZs

Tengiz and Korolev

  • Similar Flank Reservoir
    • low matrix Φ
    • fractures and vugs(LCZs)
    • high Kv component


  • Transitional Reservoirat Platform Margin:
    • reduced perm contrast
    • LCZs
  • Complex Platform Facies:
    • cyclic variations
    • matrix”-dominated
    • high Kh component



Blakey, Ronald C., 2005, Northern Arizona University: http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~rcb7/340NAt.jpg.

Cook, H.E., Zempolich, W.G., Zhemchuzhnikov, V.G., Alexeiev, D.V., Lehmann, P.J., and Zhaimina, V.Y., 2000, Late Devonian and Carboniferous carbonate platforms in the Bolshoi Karatau (Northern Tian-Shan) of Southern Kazakhstan: outcrop analogs for coeval carbonate reservoirs in the North Caspian Basin [abstract]: Program and Abstracts, Permo-Carboniferous Carbonate Platforms and Reefs, SEPM-IAS Research and Field Conference, 43 p.


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