Search and Discovery Article #50034 (2006)
Posted July 15, 2006
*Adapted from poster presentation at AAPG Annual Convention, Houston, Texas, April 9-12, 2006
Click to view posters in PDF format.
1University of Houston; currently Schlumberger, Houston ([email protected])
Over 300 active faults intersect the earth's surface in the Houston Metropolitan area. They cause damage to man-made structures such as roads, pipelines and buildings. We used LIDAR DEM images from the 2002 Tropical Storm Allison Recovery Project (TSARP) to examine known faults and to search for others that may have been overlooked in previous studies. We used hill-shading as the primary visualization method for locating the faults. Later we examined them in the field. At some locations fault deformation and associated damage were evident, while in other locations field expression of the fault was subtle and the presence of a fault was difficult to confirm. In some areas we used refined grids, using both raw data and supplied DEM, to better define known faults and to identify previously unknown faults.
Proper documentation of active surface faults is important so that developers can avoid building in the zone of disturbed ground along them. In some cases developers and builders have taken steps to avoid construction on fault traces, often by leaving the land as an open greenbelt or as a storm water detention pond. In other cases structures have been built unknowingly within fault hazard bands.
Bird, Dale E., Kevin Burke, Stuart A. Hall, and John F. Casey, 2005, Gulf of Mexico tectonic history: Hotspot tracks, crustal boundaries, and early salt distribution: AAPG Bulletin, v. 89, p. 311-328.
Lowrie, A., R. Hamiter, M.A. Fogarty, T. Orsi, I. Lerche, 1996, Thermal and time-temperature index (TTI) patterns during geologic evolution of North and Central Gulf of Mexico: GCAGS Transactions, v. 46, p. 249-260.
Winker, Charles D., 1982, Cenozoic shelf margins, Northwestern Gulf of Mexico: GCAGS Transactions, v. 32, p. 427-448.