The Influence of Mass-Transport Processes on Muddy Clinoform Morphology
Kathryn C. Denommee1,2 and Samuel J. Bentley1,2
1Department of Geology and Geophysics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
2Coastal Studies Institute, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
The subaqueous muddy clinoform located on the SW Louisiana shelf is known to be deposited under the combined influences of high sediment supply from the Atchafalaya River and local hydrodynamic conditions. Using high-resolution swath sonar survey and sediment core data (Pb-210 radiochemistry, grain size, and x-radiography) we examined the sedimentological character and clinoform mechanics that (1) operate to maintain equilibrium clinoform morphology; and (2) operate on the foreset beds, influencing long-term clinoform progradation. Our results indicate that the sedimentological characteristics of the SW Louisiana clinoform are broadly consistent with other subaqueous deltas found on shallow continental shelves (e.g., Amazon, Gulf of Papua). On many of these other systems however, sediment transfer between the topset and foreset regions of the clinoform is thought to primarily occur through the action of hydrodynamic fluid-mud flows. While these types of flows are known to operate in our study area, we also observe widespread low-gradient mass-failure events which are evidenced by scarping and channels visible on the seabed. This previously unexplored mechanism appears to be important for explaining the rapid transfer of large volumes of riverine-derived sediment to the SW Louisiana clinoform foresets, and as well as for maintaining equilibrium clinoform morphology.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90182©2013 AAPG/SEG Student Expo, Houston, Texas, September 16-17, 2013