Challenges in Prestack Inversion with Mega-Merge Seismic Surveys : An Oklahoma Redfork Example
Sumit Verma, Yoryenys Del Moro, and Kurt Marfurt
Modern 3D seismic surveys are often of such good quality and 3D interpretation packages so user-friendly that seismic interpretation is no longer exclusively carried out by geophysicists. This ease-of-use has also been extended to more quantitative workflows, such as 3D prestack inversion, putting it in the hands on the "non-expert" – be it geologist, engineer, or new-hire geophysicist. Indeed, given good quality input seismic data, almost any interpreter who can generate good well ties and define an accurate background model, can generate a quality prestack inversion. Two of the authors are new geophysicists who fell into the prestack inversion "pit". Fortunately, they were, and any careful interpreter should be able to recognize that something is wrong. Specifically, we applied prestack inversion to gathers that were carefully reprocessed by a major service company. The problem was not with the processing, but with our lack of understanding of the input legacy data that formed part of a larger "megamerge" survey. Specifically, the data were migrated to accommodate the longest offsets corresponding to the most recently acquired data, while older input surveys were acquired using much shorter offsets. The replacement of acquisition offsets with prestack migration offsets formed the grass mat covering the pit, and in we fell. In this paper we share our initial workflow and suspicious results. We also clarify the meaning of "fold" and "offset" for prestack-migrated gathers. In addition to presenting some QC tools useful in analyzing megamerge surveys, we show how by limiting the offsets used in our prestack inversion that we obtain less aggressive, but still useful results.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90176©AAPG Mid-Continent Meeting, Wichita, Kansas, October 12-15, 2013