Complexity and Changing Pattern Of Tectonics In Hydrocarbon Bearing Basin Of South East Asia
Rastogi, Manu¹; Sharma, Abhishek²; Kumar, Mohit³
¹B.Tech. Geo-Science, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India.
²B.Tech. Geo-Science, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India.
³Petroleum Engineering and Earth Sciences, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India.
East and South-east Asia is a giant ‘jigsaw puzzle' of allochthonous continental lithospheric blocks and fragments (terranes) that are bounded by suture zones or by geological discontinuities such as major strike-slip faults. The complex assemblage of South-east Asian continental terranes, accretionary complexes, ophiolites, volcanic arcs, and marginal ocean basins occurs in the zone of convergence between the Eurasian, Indo-Australian, and Pacific plates. In this region, two important biogeographical boundaries are recognized, the extant Wallace's Line and the Late Palaeozoic Gondwana-Cathaysia Divide. Both of these biogeographical boundaries are the result of convergent plate-tectonic processes bringing together allochthonous continental lithospheric terranes on which had developed contrasting faunas and floras owing to their prior geographical separation, different palaeoclimates, and biogeographical isolation. Multidisciplinary data shows that in the Early Palaeozoic all of the principal East and South-east Asian continental terranes were located on the margin of eastern Gondwana, where they formed an Indo-Australian ‘Greater' Gondwana. The regional geology of South-east Asia is thus characterized by Gondwanan dispersion and Asian accretion of terranes and the subsequent collisions of India and Australia with these terranes following the breakup of Gondwana and their northwards drift. A variety of multidisciplinary data is used to constrain the origins of the terranes, their times of rifting and separation from the parent cratons, the timing, directions, and amount of drift, and the timing of suturing (collision and welding) of the terranes to each other. Significant oil and gas accumulations occur widely in East and South-east Asia, generally in Cenozoic. Sedimentary basins and these have contributed markedly to the economies of South-east Asian countries. The oil and gas accumulations are commonly associated with rocks of Middle and Upper Miocene age, with locally significant Oligocene and Pliocene occurrences. This paper focuses mainly on the complexity and changing pattern of Gondwanaland of south-east Asian continent and the hydrocarbon bearing basins of the region.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90155©2012 AAPG International Conference & Exhibition, Singapore, 16-19 September 2012