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High Resolution Satellite Mapping and Field Observation to Create New Geological Maps with Emphasis on the Mesozoic and Palaeozoic Section of Northern Kurdistan, Northern Iraq

Looser, Mirko *1; Mann, Andrew 1; Bhattacharya, Madhurima 1; Stronach, Nick 1
(1) Fugro Robertson Ltd, North Wales, United Kingdom.

New geological maps of Northern Kurdistan have been created using existing geological maps integrated with high resolution satellite data (SPOT™ and LANDSAT™) and ground-truthed by field observations. The satellite mapping has been further refined by mapping stratigraphic boundaries, bedding surfaces, fracture and fault planes and lithologies observed in field. Key anticlines in the area were targeted for data collection to get the best exposure throughout the stratigraphy. The structural data was used to interpret the main lineament and fracture trends, geometries of key anticlines and to gather information delineating the timing of the deformation that created the present day structures. Field samples were collected in order to: analyse and date the stratigraphic intervals being studied, carry out facies analysis, understand the main reservoir controls, identify principal source horizons, and establish a regionally and globally consistent tectonostratigraphic framework. Integration of the field observations, existing maps and sample analysis has resulted in new geological maps with a more detailed understanding of the quality and distribution of potential reservoir, seal and source horizons and provided an insight into active potential petroleum systems.


AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90141©2012, GEO-2012, 10th Middle East Geosciences Conference and Exhibition, 4-7 March 2012, Manama, Bahrain