Using Resistivity Log Invasion Profiles, Porosity Logs, Core and Test Data to Quantify Lithology, Porosity and Permeability in the Verkhnechonskoye Field of Eastern Siberia
The Verkhnechonskoye field was discovered and appraised during the late 1970s and early 1980s. One hundred legacy wells and three modern wells have been reevaluated and results used to construct a static model that matched test results and was used to forecast field potential. The Verkhnechonskoye field is currently operated by TNK-BP.
Cores in the three modern wells were studied to determine lithology, depositional facies, and mineralogy. Results were applied to crossplots of sonic and neutron log data. These crossplots showed six different lithofacies: basement, weathered-basement, high permeability sand, low permeability sand, salt/anhydrite-cemented sand, and carbonate. Sand was subdivided into relatively high and relatively low permeability sands using the laterolog and microlaterolog, based on the observation that sand with microlaterolog values less than 10 ohm-m were observed to be highly productive on test. To calculate porosity, the neutron, sonic, and core porosity were compared. Preliminary porosity was calculated using a field-wide solution from a combined crossplot of sonic log values and core data. Well by well analysis indicated that the sonic logs often underestimated porosity and that neutron logs tended to match core porosity better. Petrographic analysis confirmed that widespread secondary porosity was not detected by sonic logs. Single-well porosity solutions based on neutron logs were used together with sonic porosity calculations to finalize porosity estimates. For permeability, high and low trends were calculated for sands using the microlaterolog to define high permeability and low permeability sands. A relatively high permeability to porosity relationship was applied to sands with microlalaterolog values less than 10 ohm-m and a relatively low permeability to porosity relationship was applied to sand with microlaterlog values greather than 10 ohm-m.. A significant number of core permeability measurements were available and these points were honored after depth-shifting. Finally, log derived permeability was modified to match average permeability derived from well test results.
Identification of multiple lithologies and calibration of porosity and permeability to core measurements and well test results signficantly reduced uncertainty in calculated results.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90090©2009 AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, June 7-10, 2009