--> Abstract: Subduction-Related Deformation Processes in the Makran Accretionary Prism, Offshore Iran, by Gianluca Grando and Ken McClay; #90077 (2008)

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Subduction-Related Deformation Processes in the Makran Accretionary Prism, Offshore Iran

Gianluca Grando1* and Ken McClay2
1Midland Valley, UK
2Royal Holloway University of London, UK
*[email protected]

The Makran accretionary prism is regarded as one of the most extensive subduction complexes on Earth. It provides an ideal example of an accretionary prism to study processes related to subduction at plate boundaries, such as frontal accretion and sediment underplating-underthrusting. The rear portion of the wedge is uplifted and extended by normal faulting and ductile flow. Spectacular shale diapirs and mud volcanoes are present all along the external part of the prism and can be seen on the regional 2-D-seismic section presented in this study. The Himalayan Turbidites sequence is the main detachment level for the imbricate fan and extensional faults of the Makran accretionary prism. It is also assumed to be the main source for rising shale diapirs and mud volcanoes along the imbricated thrusts within the wedge. Evidence of active sediment remobilization is prevalent in the mid-slope morphotectonic province of the accretionary prism. It is proposed that the initiation of diapirism appears to be spatially coincident with the onset of underplating processes in the rear portion of the prism. The rapid uplift of the prism and the onset of extensional faults favour the extrusion of overpressured sediments and fluids/gas along thrust faults on the seaward side of the prism. The extensional faults above the deep zone of underplating have been mildly inverted, which implies there has been episodic alternation of compression and extension.


AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90077©2008 GEO 2008 Middle East Conference and Exhibition, Manama, Bahrain