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Seismic Geomorphology of Oligocene Frio Lowstand Slope and Basin-Floor Sedimentary Bodies in Growth-Faulted Subbasins in South Texas

Ursula Hammes, Hongliu Zeng, L. Frank Brown, Robert Loucks, and Patricia Montoya
Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78713-8924

Architecture of slope- and basin-floor-fan systems in growth-faulted subbasins along the south Texas Gulf Coast developed as a result of interplay between synsedimentary tectonics and sedimentation during third-order sea-level lowstands. These subbasins, or intraslope basins, have not been adequately explored for their slope and basin-floor-fan potential, as have the intraslope basins in salt-dominated areas in the Gulf of Mexico. Exploration has concentrated on lowstand prograding-wedge and highstand shelf deposits in the Frio Formation. Growth-faulted subbasins set up by gravity failure along the upper slope generated syndepositional faults that displaced and mobilized muds basinward of the growing lowstand sedimentary wedge. These growth faults are generally parallel to Frio shelf edges. The subbasin in the Corpus Christi area under investigation is characterized by a basin-floor-fan complex and slope/leveed channel complexes. These gravity deposits were fed by incised rivers that spilled sandy bedloads onto slopes at different locations, resulting in deepwater systems along the entire Frio shelf edge, including (1) slope systems with amalgamated slope channels and levees deposited immediately downdip of an incipient structural high and (2) basin-floor fans fed by channels contouring along slope and depositing their load into the eastwardmost part of the subbasin. Interfan locations seem to be void of channel and levee sedimentation. Unlike most geomorphologic studies conducted on the seafloor or in a shallow seismic section, this study deals with seismic data of greater than 3 seconds in which stratal slices show evolution from basin-floor-fan to slope-fan to prograding-wedge systems during one lowstand third-order cycle.


AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90080©2005 GCAGS 55th Annual Convention, New Orleans, Louisiana