Development of a Large-Scale CO2 Sequestration Site in the Illinois Basin
Hannes E. Leetaru, Scott M. Frailey, and James R. Damico
Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL
One of the most important aspects of the development of a large-scale CO2 sequestration site is reservoir characterization. Because sequestration is most likely to occur under a cap-and-trade or carbon credit scenario, verification of long-term CO2 sequestration in geologic formations is critical. Consequently, characterization of the injection zone impacts the projections of injection rates and storage capacity at the site. Moreover, this initial geologic characterization creates the baseline in which to compare all models developed from data collected after CO2 injection begins.
Key questions for locating a sequestration ready plant include: what are the seals, how thick is the reservoir, how permeable and porous is the reservoir, what is the reservoir heterogeneity, where will the CO2 migrate, and what is the ultimate fate of the CO2. The Mt. Simon Sandstone, a Cambrian age formation, is the most important sequestration target in the Midwestern United States. Because few wells are drilled through the entire Mt. Simon, wells in the Loudon oilfield (Fayette County) and Manlove gas storage field (Champaign County) are used as analogues to model other sites in the Illinois Basin. Using these analog wells and data from Mt. Simon natural gas storage projects suggest that reservoir heterogeneity will be an important factor for evaluating storage capacity and CO2 plume migration.
Presented AAPG Eastern Section Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 2008 © AAPG Eastern Section