Druke, Dominic C.1, Katherine A. Giles1, Mark G. Rowan2
(1) New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM
(2) Rowan Consulting, Inc, Boulder, CO
ABSTRACT: Comparison of Three Isolated Carbonate Platforms in La Popa Basin, Mexico: Implications for Depositional Bathymetry and Halokinetic Sequence Development
Comparison of three isolated, age-equivalent (latest Cretaceous) carbonate platforms
deposited on salt diapirs in La Popa basin show that carbonate accumulation, facies
distribution, halokinetic sequence development, and structural deformation vary between
the different salt bodies and may be controlled by seafloor expression of the diapirs. The
El Papalote carbonate platform consists of thin (10 m) deep-water grainstone and debris
flow facies that are restricted to <1 km from the diapir, and experienced pervasive
halokinetic deformation (one halokinetic sequence, overturned). The El Gordo carbonate
platform is thicker (100 m), consists of broad (1.5 km) back-reef grainstone on the
leeward margin and shallow-water sponge-coral reef on the windward margin, and one
halokinetic sequence that is not overturned. The San Jose carbonate platform has the
thickest accumulation of carbonate sediment (120 m) that consists entirely of
shallow-water back-reef grainstone (1.5 km) with one halokinetic sequence that is not
overturned, similar to El Gordo.
The larger sediment accumulations of shallow-water facies found at the San Jose and El Gordo platforms are associated with higher, broader zones of diapir-related bathymetric relief and display less deformation by drape folding on the flanks of the diapir. The smaller sediment accumulations of deeper water facies found at El Papalote are associated with a lower, narrower zone of diapir-related bathymetric relief that is highly deformed by diapir-flank drape folding. This relationship can be useful in predicting near diapir reservoir geometry and quality.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90026©2004 AAPG Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, April 18-21, 2004.