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ABSTRACT: The analysis of strategy in Indonesian energy sector and its impact to global warming mitigation

Susandi, Armi and Oetomo Tri Winarno , Institute of Technology of Bandung (ITB), West Java, Indonesia

One of the major environmental issues in all over the world in the recent day is global warming, that is believed having close correlation with the increasing of greenhouse gases (GHGs) concentration in the atmosphere. Some past studies have proven that there was a positive correlation between the increasing of world temperature and the increasing of GHGs concentration in the atmosphere.

The world GHG emissions are mainly produced by fossil energy burning and deforestation activities. In 1987, fossil energy burning contributed 77% of total carbon emissions that amounted 7.17 million ton, and deforestation contributed the rest (Clasrk, 1990). GHG emissions from energy sector have grown exponentially, whereas emissions from forestry have grown linearly (Grubler, 1991).

In 1990, GHG emissions from energy sector are amounted 158 Tg (terra gram) per year, that 33 % of it produced by energy industry sector (included power sector and fossil fuels mining); 21 % produced by transport sector; 20 % from industry sector, 12 % from house hold and commercial sector; and 3 % from fugitive emissions of fossil fuels mining.

The analysis of strategy in Indonesian energy sector find that development of hydro power and geothermal for electricity generation have a large potency in mitigating GHG emissions, due to electricity sector is the major contributor of GHG emissions. This strategy generates the highest impact in GHG emissions reduction, that reach 20% reduction base scenario.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90913©2000 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition, Bali, Indonesia