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Abstract: A Successful Development of Subtle Traps: Chihuido de la Sierra Negra, Neuquen Basin

Raul Comeron, Marta E. Valenzuela

Using new traps search concepts in the Chihuido de la Sierra Negra oil field, it was possible to substantially increase production from 4400 bbl/day in 1984 to 125,000 bbl/day in 1995.

Oil reserves are located within an 8000 ha area situated on the Chihuido de la Sierra Negra anticlinal flank. Success was achieved by using different techniques for subtle traps detection, namely seismic amplitude mapping, individualization of different production facies and its predictive mapping. This reduced the search and development toward low structural areas which had not been considered before. The production layers are formed by two lower Cretaceous eolian sandstones called the Avile Member and the Troncoso Lower Member, with thicknesses ranging from 5 to 30 meters. 2D seismic made it possible to individualize the thickest sand areas, some of which turned out to be productive. Using 3D seismic, by means of azimuth and dip maps, fractured areas were detected where fault throws range from 5 to 10 meters. In many of these fractured zones, thin igneous intrusives are emplaced forming seals. Such determinations make it possible for different oil-water contacts and static pressures to be delimited. Due to the small fault throws, the different blocks could not be detected by conventional mapping methods. The delineation of the field compartmentalization becomes important in the waterflooding stage as well as for the detection of new traps in surrounding areas. The combination of seismic and stratigraphic methods made it possible to discover and develop Argentina's main oil field.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90951©1996 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition, Caracas, Venezuela