Processing and Interpretation of Seismic Reflection data from Ogaden Basin, Ethiopia
K. Tadesse, C. J. Ebinger, and R. A. Clark
The Ogaden basin is believed to be an extensional basin created during the early rifting of Gondwana and the development of the western Indian Ocean. Preliminary studies conducted by various oil companies and national geoscientists suggest that the area is prospective for hydrocarbon accumulation. Prior to these studies, however, very little was known of the surface geology in this area and virtually nothing was known of the subsurface. The objectives of the study were to implement state -of- the -art seismic and gravity data processing and interpretation techniques in order to identify structural and/or stratigraphic trap sequences and indicate their significance in the hydrocarbon exploration of the basin. In this study, high resolution multi-channel reflection seismic ata, acquired in 1993 from the Ogaden Basin, are used. The data were acquired for Hunt Oil Company using Vibroseis as an energy source.
Various data enhancement techniques were applied to these data in order to produce an interpretable final seismic section for the identification of possible hydrocarbon habitats. These included discrimination and filtering of coherent noise from the signal, enhancing, focussing of the identified reflectors and static corrections. Statics solutions from shallow wells and automatic refraction statics were compared, with the best results obtained when automatic refraction solutions were applied. Our study has revealed various reflection horizons that can be potential stratigraphic traps at pinch outs and may be porous strata which are terminated by lateral transitions or interconnected lines of either clastic sediments or carbonates. We discuss these results in the light of gravity model ing designed to estimate maximum sediment thickness along the line.
AAPG Search and Discover Article #91019©1996 AAPG Convention and Exhibition 19-22 May 1996, San Diego, California