Abstract: Distribution of Illite and Mixed-Layered Illite in the Smackover Formation of the Manila Embayment of Southwest Alabama (Wilcox, Clarke and Monroe Counties)
John P. Amy, Darrel W. Schmitz, Lawrence R. Baria
The Jurassic Smackover Formation within the Manila Embayment of southwest Alabama was deposited on a carbonate ramp modified by paleotopographic highs. The Smackover Formation consists of limestone, dolostone and clastic units. Although low energy lithofacies were dominant within the embayment, moderate to high energy lithofacies are associated with shallow water across paleotopographic highs. These formed locally permeable lithofacies which became sites of preferential dolomitization. Also, during burial diagenesis, authigenic clays formed from ions within pore fluids of the rock. This authigenic clay occurrence within the Smackover Formation of the Manila Embayment has largely been ignored in the past.
Scanning electron imagery (S.E.I.) and energy dispersive spectral (E.D.S.) analytical techniques identified small quantities of illite and/or mixed-layered illite clay within the carbonates and clastic units of the Smackover Formation. The mixed-layered illite may be illite-smectite, -vermiculite, or -mica. The clays form pore-lining and filling morphologies with crenulated platy habits and occasional fibrous or ribbon-like projections which sometimes coalesce to form plates. X-ray diffractometry (X.R.D.) could not be used for identification because of small quantities of clay minerals present.
The clays seem to have an irregular distribution throughout the embayment, although they were found to be most common within the dolostone lithologies, probably due to the high porosities of these rocks. However, authigenic clay occurrence was found to be sparse and their growth was a late, deep burial diagenetic event, occurring after dolomitization, having no effect on that dolomitization.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90955©1995 GCAGS 45th Annual Meeting and Gulf Section SEPM, Baton Rouge, Louisiana