Abstract: Sequence Stratigraphy and Reservoir Architecture of the J18/20 and J15 Sequences in PM-9, Malay Basin
Ramlee A. Rahman, Md. Jamil Said, John R. Bedingfield, Richard Lovell
The group J stratigraphic interval is lower Miocene (18.5-21 Ma) in age and was deposited during the early sag phase of the Malay Basin structural development. Reduction in depositional relief and first evidence of widespread marine influence characterize the transition into this interval. Twelve group J sequences have been identified. Reservoirs consist of progradational to aggradational tidally-dominated paralic to shallow marine sands deposited in the lowstand systems tract. Transgressive and highstand deposits are dominantly offshore shales.
In PM-9, the original lift-related depocenters, coupled with changes in relative sea level, have strongly influenced group J unit thickness and the distribution of reservoir and seal facies. Two important reservoir intervals in PM-9 are the J18/20 and J15 sands. The reservoirs in these intervals are contained within the lowstand systems tracts of fourth-order sequences. These fourth-order sequences stack to form sequence sets in response to a third-order change in relative sea level. The sequences of the J18/20 interval stack to form part of a lowstand sequence set, whereas the J15 interval forms part of the transgressive sequence set. Reservoir facies range from tidal bars and subtidal shoals in the J18/20 interval to lower shoreface sands in the J15.
Reservoir quality and continuity in group J reservoirs are dependent on depositional facies. An understanding of the controls on the distribution of facies types is crucial to the success of the current phase of field development and exploration programs in PM-9.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90982©1994 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 21-24, 1994