Upper Jurassic Smackover Oil Plays in Alabama, Mississippi, and the Florida Panhandle
MANCINI, ERNEST A., University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, and ROBERT M. MINK, BERRY H. TEW, DAVID C. KOPASKA-MERKEL, and STEVEN D. MANN, Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Five Smackover (Upper Jurassic, Oxfordian) oil plays can be delineated in the eastern Gulf coastal plain. These include the basement ridge play, the regional peripheral fault trend play, the Mississippi interior salt basin play, the Mobile graben fault system play, and the Wiggins arch complex play. Plays are recognized by basinal position, relationships to regional structural features, and characteristic petroleum traps. Within two plays, subplays can be distinguished based on oil gravities and reservoir characteristics. Reservoirs are distinguished primarily by depositional setting and diagenetic overprint.
The basement ridge play is updip of the regional peripheral fault trend where the Jurassic Louann Salt is thin or absent; structures in this trend formed on pre-Jurassic basement rock. The basement ridge play is characterized by structural and combination traps. Reservoirs in the Choctaw ridge complex subplay are peritidal, partially to completely dolomitized, oolitic, peloidal, and oncoidal grainstone. Reservoirs of the Conecuh and Pensacola-Decatur ridge complexes subplay are subtidal to supratidal oolitic, oncoidal, intraclastic, and peloidal dolograinstone and dolopackstone, fenestral dolostone, quartz sandstone, and algal doloboundstone. The regional peripheral fault trend play is basinward of the updip limit of the Louann Salt and is typified by salt-related structural features. These structural features occur in association with the Pickens, Gilbertown, West Bend, Pollard, and Foshee fault systems and are generally parallel to the basin margin. The regional peripheral fault trend play is exemplified by salt-related structural and combination traps. Reservoirs of the Pickens, Gilbertown, and West Bend fault systems subplay are peritidal, nondolomitic to completely dolomitized, oolitic, oncoidal, and peloidal grainstone. Reservoirs of the Pollard and Foshee fault systems subplay are subtidal to supratidal, partially to completely dolomitized, peloidal grainstone to wackestone, and dolomitized algal boundstone. The Mississippi interior salt basin play is downdip from the Pickens and Gilbertown fault systems and is characterized by structural and combination traps ssociated with salt tectonism in this basin. Reservoirs are peritidal, nondolomitic to completely dolomitized, oolitic and peloidal grainstone and packstone. The Mobile graben fault system play is located along the eastern limit of the Mississippi interior salt basin and is typified by salt-induced structural and combination traps and Smackover peritidal peloidal and oolitic dolograinstone to dolowackestone and dolostone reservoirs. The Wiggins arch complex play is in a downdip basinal position and is characterized by structural and combination petroleum traps associated with stratigraphic thinning and salt flow. The traps occur along the flanks of pre-Mesozoic paleohighs associated with this complex. Reservoirs are subtidal to supratidal peloidal, oolitic, and oncoidal dolograinstone an dolopackstone, thrombolitic dolostone, and crystalline dolostone.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91006 © 1991 GCAGS and GC-SEPM Meeting, Houston, Texas, October 16-18, 1991 (2009)