Analysis of Some Seismic Expressions of Big Injun Sandstone and its Adjacent Interval
XIANGDONG, ZOU, THOMAS A. WILSON, and ALAN C. DONALDSON, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
The Big Injun sandstone is an important oil and gas reservoir in western West Virginia. The pre-Greenbrier unconformity has complicated correlations, and hydrocarbon explorationists commonly have misidentified the Big Injun in the absence of a regional stratigraphic study. Paleogeologic maps on this unconformity show the West Virginia dome, with the Price/Pocono units truncated resulting in pinch-outs of different sandstones against the overlying Big Lime (Greenbrier Limestone). Drillers have named the first sandstone below the Big Lime as Big Injun, and miscorrelated the real Big Injun with Squaw, upper Weir, and even the Berea sandstone.
In this report, an 8-mi (13-km) seismic section extending from Kanawha to Clay counties was interpreted. The study area is near the pinch-out of the Big Injun sandstone. A stratigraphic cross section was constructed from gamma-ray logs for comparison with the seismic interpretation. The modeling and interpretation of the seismic section recognized the relief on the unconformity and the ability to determine facies changes, too. Both geophysical wireline and seismic data can be used for detailed stratigraphic analysis within the Granny Creek oil field of Clay and Roane counties.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91005 © 1991 Eastern Section Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 8-10, 1991 (2009)