--> --> Abstract: Quantitative Multivariate Analytical Strategy for Paleoenvironmental Analysis of Mixed Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages, by M. B. Lagoe; #91004 (1991)
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Quantitative Multivariate Analytical Strategy for Previous HitPaleoenvironmentalNext Hit Previous HitAnalysisNext Hit of Mixed Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages

LAGOE, MARTIN B., University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Fossil assemblages of benthic foraminifera commonly contain taxa that were not associated together during life. A variety of processes act to modify living assemblages during the transition to fossil assemblages--transport of tests by traction and gravity currents, taphonomic filtering, and rapid shifting of environments in response to sea level fluctuations, to name a few. Unraveling the nature of

faunal mixing can provide insights into depositional processes and Previous HitpaleoenvironmentalNext Hit history of particular lithofacies. A quantitative multivariate analytical strategy is presented to address these problems, using the late Cenozoic Yakataga Formation, Gulf of Alaska as a specific example.

A variety of lithofacies are present within the Yakataga Formation including normal marine mudstones, sandstones, coquinas and conglomerates and glaciomarine diamictites. Comparison of fossil assemblages with modern foraminiferal distributions indicates significant faunal mixing in most lithofacies, particularly the diamictites. Quantitative Previous HitanalysisNext Hit includes cluster Previous HitanalysisNext Hit to define broad patterns in faunal similarity, R-mode factor Previous HitanalysisNext Hit to define species interrelationships, and Q-mode polytopic vector Previous HitanalysisTop to "unmix" the assemblages into their component biofacies. Two broad patterns of faunal mixing are identified: (1) comprehensive mixing of all possible biofacies within a particular bathymetric range and (2) mixing of very shallow (innermost neritic) with deeper (upper b thyal) assemblages, bypassing environments from outer neritic areas. Diamictites are shown to form in a variety of water depths from inner neritic to upper bathyal.

 

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91004 © 1991 AAPG Annual Convention Dallas, Texas, April 7-10, 1991 (2009)