--> --> ABSTRACT: Petroleum Geology of Amu-Dar'ya Province of Soviet Central Asia, by James W. Clarke; #91043 (2011)

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Petroleum Geology of Amu-Dar'ya Province of Soviet Central Asia

James W. Clarke

The Amu-Dar'ya oil and gas province extends over an area of 360,000 km2 in central and eastern Turkmenia and western Uzbekistan in southern Soviet Central Asia. The province coincides with the eastern half of the Turan platform. A Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary cover, 2-7 km thick, rests on a folded Paleozoic basement. An Upper Jurassic salt unit divides the sedimentary section into subsalt and suprasalt parts. The structure of the sedimentary cover developed by vertical movements during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, most of it during the late Tertiary in response to Alpine tectonism. Consequently, much of the trap formation and filling is late in geologic time and is apparently in progress at present.

The province is gas prone; only in the Bukhara area on the east is there significant oil. Five plays are recognized. The Lower to Middle Jurassic play consists of alternating clays, sandstone, and siltstone. Thickness is 100-400 m. The Upper Jurassic play consists of Callovian-Oxfordian carbonate deposits, which are up to 500 m thick. The seal is Kimmeridgian-Tithonian salt. The carbonate deposits of this play are commonly a reef facies. The Lower Cretaceous play consists largely of alternating sandstone, clays, and siltstones. The seal is a clay unit of late Aptian and Albian age, which also separates this play from the overlying Albian-Cenomanian play. The Albian-Cenomanian play has sandstone and siltstone reservoirs, and the seal is a Turonian clay unit. The Paleogene play is prosp ctive in the northeast part of the study area in the so-called Bukhara clastic beds.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91043©1986 AAPG Annual Convention, Atlanta, Georgia, June 15-18, 1986.