Seismic Monitoring of the Pyrenees Field: A 4-D Success Case Study
Time-lapse dedicated 3D seismic surveys were acquired over the Pyrenees oil and gas field in order to map production-induced changes in the reservoir. Rock-physics 4D modelling showed that changes in pore pressure and fluid saturation would produce a time-lapse seismic response of sufficient magnitude, in both amplitude and velocity, to overcome time-lapse noise. The dominant observed effect is associated with gas coming out of solution. The reservoir simulation model forecasted that reservoir depletion would cause gas breakout that would impact the elastic properties of the reservoir. The effect of gas breakout can be clearly observed on the 4D seismic data as a change in both amplitude and velocity. The analysis of the seismic datasets was proven to be significantly enhanced by utilizing inversion methodologies. These included a bandlimited Extended-Elastic Impedance (EEI) approach; as well as simultaneous 4D elastic inversion. These datasets, combined with rock physics modelling, enabled quantitative interpretation of the change in 4D seismic response which was a key tool for assisting with the infill well placement and field development strategy in this field.
AAPG Datapages/Search and Discovery Article #90260 © 2016 AAPG/SEG International Conference & Exhibition, Cancun, Mexico, September 6-9, 2016