Proposed Study in the Environmental Geological to Explore for Oil Shale Valley Tanezzuft Murzuq Basin for use in Power Generating in Libya
Fathi R. Elosta
Libya has been about 400 years ago to the geological activity that led formation of sedimentary basins contain huge oil reservoirs where it is believed that Libya is located on Lake of the floating oil and Gas and groundwater and all eyes today in the oil industry international to oil due to the ease rock extracted, where the materials contain heavy hydrocarbons and oil shale sedimentary rock containing organic matter, solid combustible and distillation.
The process of exploring oil shale is through research and exploration of the detectors rock that may contain kerogan is a substance net yet ripe to become the oil black due to lack and they Occur under conditions off heat required and oil shale is defined as sedimentary rock containing organic matter ,solids are of the composition and distillation contain a proportion of organic matter their heavy intervention in the composition of nitrogen and oxygen called eriosn dissolved between the particle and the organic matter which is called the kerogan decompose and produce when exposed to heat and accumulated organic matter with sedimentary during because of the deposition was saved because of the availability of appropriate conditions for the conservation but the difference here is that the organic matter not mature enough and so needs to step in to take them out the containment of oil shale on a percentage increase of 10% of the weight in the form of oil and 5% in the form of gas and calorific value of the rock shale about 1500 kcal per kg makes oil shale is an important source of energy.
The present oil rock in platform rock and deep surface bituminous limestone rocks was present in the rocks brown light clay mixed with layers of dark and all kerogan tons of oil shale is given 100 kg of oil equivalent barrels of crude oil.
We believe that the valley tanezzuft in the western basin Murzuq of the most important sites in Libya which may contain large quantities of oil shale and the area is located was of basin Murzuq oil is a part of this region that contain detectors rock rise during the Silurian which occurred a decline in offshore large and contain this valley formation almunyat sand of the era Ordovician upper rocks of clay alluvial and there are some fossils such as Graptullaat.
The configuration tanezzuft with an economic value because it is rocks the source which formed the materials hydrocarbon is believed that the time fourth Geological may form most of features of this region and it seems that the time region has been to the process of carling and deposit during the cretaceous and where Jurassic include deposits of sandstone and limestone clay deposit a class topped with sand dune beneath the reservoirs contain water and oil are concentrated in the southern and center and these deposits vary in age concrete ,it also has the surface year some ripples and light cones of volcanic and spills of the sand dunes and demolition and construction to be our sand see the great and configuration sediment erosion and deposits shallow and rock and sand dunes and deposits of basalt that all of these landscapes were deposited during the demolition which was exposed during the Libya territory in Oligocene.
The depth of the shale ranges in the region up from 300m to 1000m approximately, the valley Contains are three rocks unit:-
These three formation are believed to contain kerogan in the shallow marine environmental formed in the upper age Ordovician also came to the period snow lower Paleozoic.
We are trying through this study to explore these areas to determine oil shale reserves and quality economic process of exploration for new energy is possible generate electric power from them.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90161©2013 AAPG European Regional Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 8-10 April 2013