[First Hit]

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1Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX
2Oklahoma Geological Survey, Norman, OK
3Collier Consulting, Stephenville, TX

Abstract: An Approach to Predict Elastic Scattering and Intrinsic Previous HitAttenuationNext Hit in Turbidites at the Buena Vista Hills Field, California

Previous HitAttenuationNext Hit of seismic energy and velocity anisotropy consists of an intrinsic component and an apparent component caused by strictly elastic scattering from velocity and density heterogeneities. The intrinsic component of Previous HitattenuationNext Hit is believed to be related to fluid properties in the porous portions of a reservoir. However, it may be difficult to distinguish between the apparent effects caused by elastic scattering and the intrinsic effects when both mechanisms are operative. In this case, a detailed velocity model of the formation is required in order to predict the elastic scattering component of velocity We have implemented such a scattering correction technique to determine the magnitude of the intrinsic Previous HitattenuationNext Hit from observed sonic velocity data. We constructed a highresolution velocity model with layers one inch thick based on FMI logs and quality factors derived from sonic log data recorded at the Buena Vista Hills (BVH) field. Quality factors for intervals were derived using the two station spectral ratio method applied to the full wave sonic log data at the BVH field. The wave response for intervals at different frequencies was obtained using a viscoelastic plane-wave modeling code to model a finely layered region. Intrinsic Previous HitattenuationNext Hit is determined in one way by measuring amplitudes of sonic full wave seismograms. The amplitudes at two adjacent stations are processed using the spectral ratio method to obtain an estimate of the Previous HitattenuationNext Hit. The resulting difference between the observed velocity and the velocity predicted as a result of elastic scattering is assumed to be due to intrinsic Previous HitattenuationNext Hit. The applicability of this method is demonstrated by comparing the predicted intrinsic Previous HitattenuationNext Hit results, with the intrinsic Previous HitattenuationTop determined from sonic logs.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90928©1999 AAPG Annual Convention, San Antonio, Texas