Abstract: Jurassic-Cretaceous Paleogeography, Paleoclimate and Upwelling of the Northern Margin of Tethys
Jan Golonka, Michal Krobicki
The Jurassic and Cretaceous global paleogeographic reconstructions illustrate the changing configuration of mountains, land, shallow seas and deep ocean basins. Active plate boundaries, such as spreading centers and subduction zones, are also shown. The Pliensbachian, Toarcian, Bathonian, Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian, Tithonian-Berriasian, Valanginian, Albian, Turonian and Maastrichtian maps were generated.
The outlines of paleogeography are used as input for paleoclimatic modeling. The PALEOCLIMATE program models global atmospheric pressure, derive paleowind directions and estimate the likelihood of coastal upwelling. The program is based on the paleoclimatic methods first developed by Judith Parrish, adopted by C.R. Scotese and modified by M. I. Ross. The maps depict air pressure, wind directions, humid zones and areas favorable for upwelling conditions plotted on the paleogeographic background.
Paleoclimate modeling suggests that prevailing Jurassic-Cretaceous wind directions in the northern Tethys area were from north-northeast. These winds were parallel to the axis of Czorsztyn ridge. The ridge was uplifted between Magura and Pieniny basins as the result of extension during Jurassic supercontinent breakup. The upwelling may have been induced at the southeastern margin of the ridge. The model is consistent with rock records, especially from the upper part of ammonitico rosso type Czorsztyn formation. Mass occurrence of Tithonian and Berriasian brachiopods was probably controlled by upwelling-induced trophic relationships which is resulted in the intense growth of benthic organisms on the ridge. This is additionally supported by the presence of phosphorites at localities which corresponded to the continental shelf/slope transition.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90956©1995 AAPG International Convention and Exposition Meeting, Nice, France