Facies Specificity of Megaporosity in Mesozoic Shelf-Edge Carbonates, Baltimore Canyon Basin
Franz O. Meyer
Cores from three wells drilled by Shell Offshore Inc. provide insight into the evolution and distribution of porosity within the Mesozoic shelf-edge carbonates of the Baltimore Canyon basin. Significant primary and secondary megaporosity was found only in the late Kimmeridgian-Berriasian aggradational part of the paleoshelf-edge deposits. Mega-porosity is patchy but shows an overall seaward decrease in abundance, averaging from about 13% in back-reef rocks to about 4% in reef-front deposits. This porosity trend parallels a basinward change from mainly freshwater to predominantly submarine diagenesis. In grain-supported reef-flat rocks, the porosity consists of some primary pores but dominantly is of secondary moldic pores. The secondary pores are fabric selective after fo mer aragonitic fossils. Both primary and secondary pores are partly or completely filled with freshwater cements. These consist of clear, equant calcite crystals distributed as discontinuous or continuous circumgranular crusts and epitaxial rims typical of stabilized grainstones. Cementation was contemporaneous with or postdated leaching, but predated breakage of empty micritic envelopes. In reef-front deposits, mega-porosity occurs as delicately dissolved fossils and porosity haloes in cemented packstones and grainstones within constructional reef cavities. These secondary pores are surrounded by at least two generations of cement. The first generation is a synsedimentary marine phase. It consists of both clear-bladed and inclusion-rich radiaxial crystals distributed chiefly as pore-lin ng crusts. The second generation is nonmarine, similar to the freshwater cements found in the reef-flat facies.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91043©1986 AAPG Annual Convention, Atlanta, Georgia, June 15-18, 1986.