Abstract: Stratigraphic Interpretation of a Possible Paleostream Channel of Ancient Nueces River, South Texas
The Nueces River in South Texas flows in a southeasterly direction from the Edwards Plateau through LaSalle County where, in the southeastern part of the county the river makes an abrupt 90° turn and flows northeastward for 56 mi, at which point it joins with the Frio and Atascosa Rivers to flow to Corpus Christi Bay. Both T. L. Bailey and A. N. Sayre speculated that a paleo-Nueces River flowed directly across Duval County, debouching in Baffin Bay. However, an aerial photograph and ground investigation revealed no positive surface expression of the paleo-system. Parilla Creek and particularly Las Animas Creek, which are proposed courses for the paleo-Nueces, are underfit streams contained at present within very broad valleys.
The Bordas escarpment (Holocene?), striking northeast-southwest, controls stream drainage patterns including the present course of the Nueces River. Rivers west of the Bordas escarpment flow west-northwestward to the Nueces River, whereas those on the east, including Parilla and Las Animas Creek, flow south-southeast to the Gulf of Mexico. The Nueces River could have occupied one of the broad valleys before the Bordas escarpment became active.
Termination of most electric well logs near the surface results in a lack of data on Holocene or Quaternary deposits to determine whether a fluvial system does exist in the uppermost part of the stratigraphic section. As a result, a lower stratigraphic sequence, upward from the Catahoula (Miocene) through the Goliad (Pliocene) was studied, with emphasis on the Oakville Formation. If stacked bar and channel sequences beneath the proposed former course of the Nueces River exist in these older rocks, they will lend credence to the theory that the course of the paleo-Nueces River crossed Duval County.
A series of photographs of the faces of an open-pit uranium mine, where the Catahoula and Oakville are both exposed, also was used to determine the facies relation of the stratigraphic sequences. This pit was along the depositional strike from the well-log information used in the study. These fluvial sequences are represented by several alternating channel and overbank sediment bodies which indicate that the depositional environment of the Oakville formation of the South Texas Gulf Coast may be a sandy-braided or coarse-grained meandering fluvial system. If uranium-enriched water migrated through these fluvial systems, uranium deposition and concentration are likely to have occurred. These fluvial systems thus become potentially productive exploration targets.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90965©1978 GCAGS and GC Section SEPM, New Orleans, Louisiana