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Abstract: Regional Velocity Reduction

David Judson, Bruce Meadours, John Sherwood, Johann Sattlegger

In the conventional processing of exploration-seismic data from an offshore regional survey, many estimates are made of Previous HitvelocitiesNext Hit which will optimize the stacking of common-depth-point data. Provided the geologic structure is not overly complex it is reasonable to utilize this stacking-velocity information to derive gross-Previous HitintervalNext Hit velocity estimates. These facilitate the approximate conversion of seismic times to depth and can be utilized further in the interpretation of gross lithologic changes.

A recently developed statistical method allows the extraction of gross-Previous HitintervalNext Hit Previous HitvelocitiesNext Hit, given stacking-velocity information for the region and an approximate time-space model for each geologic interface. A least-square error fit is made to the stacking-velocity observations by suitably adjusting the unknown Previous HitintervalNext Hit Previous HitvelocitiesNext Hit in the following manner.

The velocity within each geologic unit is allowed to change laterally in a continuous manner by representing its squared value with a piecewise continuous bicubic polynomial with unknown coefficients. Such a velocity model results in a large set of linear equations relating the unknown coefficients to each original stacking-velocity observation. Because of the possibly large number of equations and coefficients it is preferable to use an iterative approach to derive the least-square error solution. This final solution provides a compact representation of the lateral Previous HitintervalTop-velocity variations for the region. Its form is particularly convenient for seismic time-to-depth conversion and the production of maps.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90976©1976 AAPG-SEPM-SEG Pacific Section Meeting, San Francisco, California