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2018 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition

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Seismic Stratigraphic Analysis in the Rift Section of Santos Basin, Brazil

Abstract

The Santos Basin, despite its surmount significance due to the pre-salt reservoirs, has limited geological information well-logs, 3D seismic or good quality 2D seismic for the rift section. The present work aims at integrating seismic stratigraphic analysis and proposing a tectonic- stratigraphic evolution model for the rift section of the basin. Seismic stratigraphic analysis involved interpretation of reflectors, which is the base of seismic stratigraphic units identification and seismic facies characterization. The result was the definition of 16 seismic stratigraphic units, four seismic facies (including the sag), and the development of chronostratigraphic charts of events adapted to the seismic context. Based on the adaptation of the stacking patterns to tectonic activity changes model, it was possible to delimit the rift initiation system tract, the high tectonic activity system tract, the low tectonic activity system tract and the post-rift, represented by the sag. The development of each tectonic system tract responded to variations in controlling factors of the lacustrine basin, interpreted as the relative balance between the rate changes in the accommodation space generated by tectonic and sediment supply influenced by climate.