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Seepage-Induced Previous HitMagneticNext Hit Anomalies Associated with Oil and Gas Fields: Onshore and Offshore Examples

Abstract

The presence of Previous HitmagneticNext Hit anomalies over oil and gas fields has been noted for several decades, but it is only in recent years that the phenomenon has been critically examined. Studies of geologically and geographically diverse regions document that (1) authigenic Previous HitmagneticNext Hit minerals occur in near-surface sediments over many petroleum accumulations, (2) this hydrocarbon-induced mineralization is detectable in high resolution, broad bandwidth Previous HitmagneticNext Hit data acquired at low altitude and with closely-spaced flight lines, and in ground Previous HitmagneticNext Hit surveys, (3) the Previous HitmagneticNext Hit susceptibility analysis of drill cuttings and near-surface sediments confirms the existence of the aeromagnetic anomalies, (4) sediments with anomalous Previous HitmagneticNext Hit susceptibility frequently contain ferromagnetic minerals such as greigite, maghemite, magnetite, and pyrrhotite, and (5) approximately 80% of oil and gas discoveries are associated with hydrocarbon-induced Previous HitmagneticNext Hit anomalies. The association between hydrocarbon seepage and the formation of authigenic Previous HitmagneticNext Hit minerals in the near-surface has important applications in hydrocarbon exploration. Application of this methodology can quickly identify the areas or prospects with the greatest petroleum potential. Although the discovery of shallow sedimentary Previous HitmagneticNext Hit anomalies does not guarantee the discovery of hydrocarbon accumulations, it does identify areas requiring more detailed evaluation, thereby focusing attention and resources on a relatively small number of high potential sites. More significantly, these seep-induced Previous HitmagneticNext Hit anomalies have been documented over many deep-water discoveries in the Gulf of Mexico. Proper integration of near-surface Previous HitmagneticTop data with geologic and seismic data can improve exploration success and reduce development costs. This presentation will be illustrated with examples from North America (including the deep-water Gulf of Mexico) and Africa.