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Factors Controlling Carbonate Platform Asymmetry: Preliminary Results from the Great Bank of Guizhou, an Isolated Permian-Triassic Platform in the Nanpanjiang Basin, South China

Li, Xiaowei 1; Lehrmann, Dan *2; Payne, Jonathan L.3; Minzoni, Marcello 4
(1) Department of Resources & Environmental Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China.
(2) Trinity University, San Antonio, TX.
(3) Department of Geological & Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
(4) Shell International Exploration and Production Co, Houston, TX.

A well-exposed isolated carbonate platform, the Great Bank of Guizhou, in the Nanpanjiang Basin of south China, was developed from the latest Permian to the earliest Late Triassic. Platform strata are dissected by a faulted syncline exposing a complete cross section through the interior, margins and flanks, enabling a detailed assessment of depositional controls. Previous studies portrayed the platform as having a relatively symmetrical architecture even though much of the former work was focused on the platform interior and northern margin-basin transition. Our research reveals five aspects of the southern margin facies and stratigraphy that are significantly different from those of the northern margin: (1) subaerial exposure and unconformity developed on top of the Upper Permian sponge boundstone and in the overlying Lower Triassic strata; (2) Permian and Triassic clasts chaotically admixed within Early Triassic breccias; (3) Lower Triassic strata remarkably thinner on the southern margin; (4) a much narrower Tubiphytes reef facies preserved along the southern margin in the Middle Triassic; and (5) large scallop shaped reentrants at the southern margin evident in satellite images.

Three end-member models may explain the asymmetry: (1) antecedent topography of the underlying Upper Permian reef-rimmed margin coupled with eustatic sea level fluctuation; (2) differential tectonic uplift; and (3) large-scale submarine collapse of the platform margin. Subaerial exposure and admixing of Permian and Triassic clasts observed at Yungan section is best explained by the tectonic uplift model. However, the submarine collapse model also explains several of the observations if it is associated with uplift(s) or sea level fall(s). Submarine collapse is supported by large concave erosional reentrants (scallops) visible in satellite images. Taken together, our observations suggest that a combination of tectonic uplift and margin collapse contributed to platform asymmetry. Further work promises to further constrain the details and timing of processes that contributed to the asymmetry.

 

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90142 © 2012 AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, April 22-25, 2012, Long Beach, California