Silurian Tanf Formation Prospectivity in the Euphrates Graben Petroleum System, Syria
Ahmad Aldahik1*, Brian Horsfield1, Wilhelm Dominik2, Heinz Wilkes1, Peter Nederlof3, Hans-Martin Schulz1, and Malcolm Dransfield4
1GeoForschungZentrum Potsdam, Germany
2Technical University of Berlin, Germany
3Shell, The Netherlands
This study aims to characterise the potential of Silurian strata as a co-source rock in the Eu-phrates Graben, Syria. The main Paleozoic source rock in the Arabian Plate is found in the Lower Silurian section (Tanf Formation in Syria), which is mature to overmature in the study area. However, the two main source rocks of Upper Cretaceous age in the study area are carbonates of the Shiranish Formation and the lagoonal, cherty Rmah Formation. 82 oil samples from reservoirs of different ages were analysed by whole oil gas chromatography and detailed analysis of biomarkers and aromatic hydrocarbons by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Additionally, 16 Silurian rock samples are still under investigation for this study. Based on compositional parameters such as the pristane/phytane ratio, three geo-graphical areas representing different depositional environments were recognised. In addi-tion, oils from the southeastern part of the graben seem to be highly mature; for example based on light hydrocarbons and the occurrence of diamondoid hydrocarbons whose con-centrations are relatively high due to the thermal cracking of the major oil constituents. In contrast, conventional biomarker maturity parameters had already reached equilibrium val-ues in the oils from the southeastern part of the graben due to overmaturity. The gammacer-ane index shows relatively high values referring to hypersaline conditions. Therefore oil mixing from different sources has to be taken into account. Because Cretaceous source rocks may also reach high maturity levels, compound specific stable carbon and hydrogen isotopes will be elaborated upon as an additional oil-source rock correlation tool to better understand the potential role of the Silurian strata.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90077©2008 GEO 2008 Middle East Conference and Exhibition, Manama, Bahrain