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Shallow Shear-Previous HitWaveNext Hit Seismic Velocity Testing in Jackson, Mississippi

David T. Butler III and James B. Harris
Department of Geology, Millsaps College, Jackson, MS

Regions underlain by thick deposits of unconsolidated to poorly consolidated sediments, such as areas within the Mississippi Embayment, are known to experience greater levels of earthquake damage due to amplification of seismic waves than areas underlain by rock. Earthquake hazards studies of communities in the Mississippi Embayment have shown the importance of measuring properties of the subsurface. One key parameter in determining the dynamic response of a site to earthquake waves is the shear-Previous HitwaveNext Hit (S-Previous HitwaveNext Hit) velocity structure of the subsurface. S-Previous HitwaveNext Hit velocity can be measured directly using surface or downhole seismic methods. We collected downhole seismic data at a site in Jackson, Mississippi, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the Mississippi Embayment. At the site, on the Millsaps College campus, a test hole was drilled by the Mississippi Office of Geology (MOG), cased with 2-1/2” ID PVC casing, and grouted in place. The test hole encountered Pre-Loess Terrace deposits (Pleistocene) at the top and continued through the Yazoo Clay (U. Eocene), Moody's Branch Formation (U. Eocene), Cockfield (M. Eocene), finally bottoming in the Cook Mountain Formation (M. Eocene). The MOG collected a suite of geophysical logs (including SPR and Gamma) and we have preserved continuous core from the upper 30 m of the hole. Downhole S-Previous HitwaveNext Hit seismic data were acquired using a three-component borehole geophone system. The sensor was locked to the borehole wall and moved up the hole at 1-m intervals. S-Previous HitwaveNext Hit travel times from a source (sledgehammer impacting a steel I-beam) at the surface were recorded and the S-Previous HitwaveNext Hit velocity structure at the site was determined. This results of this project provide an S-Previous HitwaveTop velocity data set for future ground motion response modeling in the Jackson area.

AAPG Search and Discover Article #90085 © 2008 GCAGS 58th Annual Meeting, Houston, Texas