Meddaugh, W. Scott1, Stewart Griest1, Denise Pfeffer1, Paul
(1) ChevronTexaco Exploration and Production Technology Company, Bellaire, TX
ABSTRACT: Application of Design of Experiments to Expedite Probabilistic Assessment of Reservoir Hydrocarbon Volumes (OOIP)
Design of Experiment (DoE) methodology was used to minimize the number of stochastic earth models that were needed to appropriately evaluate reservoir hydrocarbon volume (OOIP) uncertainty for a Jurassic-age, Middle East carbonate reservoir and a deep water Gulf Coast clastic reservoir. The DoE methodology enables the maximum amount of information to be obtained from the minimum number of experiments (model OOIP) in which multiple parameters (structural uncertainty, facies distribution uncertainty, oil-water contact uncertainty, net-to-gross uncertainty, etc.) contribute. The DoE methodology also allows for rapid determination of the magnitude of model parameters to overall OOIP uncertainty. Thus, attention can properly be focused on the few key model parameters that most affect OOIP uncertainty, perhaps to the point of obtaining additional data if cost-justified.
The DoE-based workflow used was as follows: (1) use Plackett-Burman design (one of several DoE methodologies tested) to determine which combinations of model parameters should be evaluated; (2) collect the experimental results (OOIP); (3) analyze the results statistically to determine significant contributors to OOIP uncertainty; (4) use the experimental results to obtain a response “surface” (equation) that describes the relationship between OOIP and the significant contributors to OOIP uncertainty; (5) use the response surface along with appropriate statistical distributions for the significant contributors to OOIP uncertainty in a Monte Carlo-process to obtain P10, P50, and P90 OOIP values; and, (6) generate stochastic reservoir models with P10, P50, and P90 OOIP using appropriate combinations of geologically reasonable parameters for further evaluation by fluid flow simulation.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90026©2004 AAPG Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, April 18-21, 2004.