Ayers, Walter B.1, Jorge L. Garduño2, Henri Morand2,
Duane A. McVay2, Rahila I. Ramazanova2, Jerry L. Jensen2
(1) Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
(2) Texas A&M University,
ABSTRACT: CO2 Sequestration Potential Of Texas Low-Rank Coals
CO2 from energy consumption is a primary greenhouse gas. In 2001, 274
electrical generation plants produced ~2.33x108 short tons (tons) or 55% of the total CO2
emitted in the Texas. Nearly 1/3 of this CO2 was emitted by the top 5 power
plants. Thus, sequestering CO2 from a few plants could significantly reduce
emissions. Moreover, sequestration of CO2 in coal beds may have the added
benefit of enhanced coalbed methane (CBM) recovery.
To evaluate the feasibility and the environmental and economic impacts of CO2 sequestration in Texas low-rank coals, we assessed the (1) technical feasibility and volume of CO2 that could be sequestered, (2) locations and quantity of CO2 sources near coal injection sites, and (3) potential for enhanced CBM recovery.
Three CO2 emission sources were identified near potential injection sites in low-rank coals less than 4,500 ft deep. Protected waters in major aquifers were mapped to establish the limits of potential injection projects. Based on CO2 emissions, coal characteristics, and water quality, we selected Gibbons Creek, Sam K. Seymour, and Martin Lake power plants for sequestration evaluation. In 2001, these plants emitted 3.5x106, 12.2x106, and 18.4x106 tons of CO2, respectively.
Computer simulation models of the 3 sites will be run to model injection of different mixes of CO2, nitrogen and other gases. Thus, we will determine volumes of CO2 that can be sequestered, the impact on CBM production, and potential water production volumes to be handled. This technology may be transferable to other low-rank coals in many parts of the USA.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90026©2004 AAPG Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, April 18-21, 2004