REID, RAY and MILT ENDERLIN, Phillips Petroleum Company
Once an exploration well has been logged, economic evaluation begins. True pay thickness from logs is an important input to that economic evaluation. Knowledge of the true pay thickness is of particular importance in sands and shales laminated at a scale below the resolution of the standard logging suit. Resistivity image logs provide information about the spatial distribution of shallow resistivity. Since resistivity is a function of both the rocks and included fluids, resistivity images can provide information about the spatial nature of the rocks and fluids. With proper processing (which includes data transformation from depth to the time domain, correction for tool acceleration, transformation back to the depth domain, static normalization, and quality discrimination) the resistivity images can provide a quantitative measure of the shallow resistivity at a resolution of a few centimeters. A resistivity-to-pay sand cutoff operator is selected by the optical application of petrophysical reasoning. The resistivity-to-pay sand operator determines which sand layers are pay and their apparent thickness. Further processing can resolve the true dip of individual pay sand layers. By combining the true dip of the pay sand layers with borehole orientation data, the apparent thickness of each pay sand layer can be converted into a true pay sand layer thickness. Summing over all the true pay sand layer thickness yields the true pay thickness. Resistivity images from a Gulf of Mexico exploration well are used to illustrate a processing procedures to achieve an understanding of the true pay thickness.
AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90937©1998 AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, Salt Lake City, Utah