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Sequence Stratigraphy and Hydrocarbon Potential of the Phu Khanh Basin Offshore Central Vietnam, South China Previous HitSeaNext Hit

Gwang H. Lee and Joel S. Watkins

The Phu Khanh Basin offshore central Vietnam is one of the few untested basins on the Vietnam margin of the South China Previous HitSeaNext Hit. Analysis of over 1,600 km of multi-channel seismic reflection data indicates that the Phu Khanh Basin follows a typical rift-margin order: faulted basement, synrift sedimentation, a breakup unconformity, and postrift sedimentation.

Postrift sedimentation consists of a transgressive Previous HitphaseNext Hit characterized by ramp-like depositional geometries followed by a regressive Previous HitphaseNext Hit characterized by prograding sequences. An early middle Miocene unconformity separates these two phases. During the transgressive Previous HitphaseNext Hit rising Previous HitseaNext Hit Previous HitlevelNext Hit provided favorable conditions for carbonate buildup development. The regressive interval contains a number of third-order depositional sequences composed of seismically resolvable lowstand, highstand, and rarely, transgressive Previous HitsystemsNext Hit Previous HittractsNext Hit.

Lacustrine sediments deposited in graben and half-graben lakes during the rifting stage are probably the principal source rocks. Fractured and/or weathered basement, carbonate complexes, basin-floor fans, and shallow-water sands may have good reservoir quality. Potential traps include basement hills, carbonate complexes, fault taps, and stratigraphic traps within lowstand Previous HitsystemsNext Hit Previous HittractsNext Hit. Hydrocarbon indicators such as flat spots, bright spots, gas chimneys with gas mounds on the Previous HitseaTop floor occur at a number of locations.

AAPG Search and Discover Article #91019©1996 AAPG Convention and Exhibition 19-22 May 1996, San Diego, California