--> --> Abstract: Magnetic Surveys: An 'Unconventional' Approach to Oil and Gas Exploration, by H. G. Machel; #90959 (1995).
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Abstract: Previous HitMagneticNext Hit Surveys: An 'Unconventional' Approach to Oil and Gas Exploration

Hans G. Machel

Oil and gas accumulations that leak may be detectable via Previous HitmagneticNext Hit surveys because the escaping hydrocarbons commonly induce the formation of Previous HitmagneticNext Hit contrasts, inorganically or microbially. In diagenetic settings at depths of zero to about 5 km, magnetite and pyrrhotite are the most important Previous HitmagneticNext Hit minerals formed, whereas hematite is the most abundant Previous HitmagneticNext Hit mineral destroyed. Pyrite and siderite are also important in hydrocarbon seepage environments because they may form at the expense of Previous HitmagneticNext Hit minerals. In some cases, other Previous HitmagneticNext Hit minerals may also be important, including metastable minerals such as greigite.

Seepage of hydrocarbons may result in 'positive', 'absent', or 'negative' Previous HitmagneticNext Hit contrasts relative to the total magnetization [or susceptibility] prior to hydrocarbon invasion. Thermodynamic modeling further suggests that Previous HitmagneticNext Hit contrasts are more likely and tend to become more 'positive' with depth and with closer proximity to hydrocarbon pools. However, Previous HitmagneticNext Hit contrasts may be generated also by natural and anthropogenic processes that have no relationships to an underlying or adjacent hydrocarbon accumulation.

Previous HitMagneticNext Hit mineral assemblages and contrasts that were caused by oil or gas seepage have been documented from several leaking hydrocarbon traps. Hence, Previous HitmagneticTop surveys, from the air, on soil or on core samples, can be used for hydrocarbon exploration in association with other surface exploration methods.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90959©1995 AAPG Rocky Mountain Section Meeting, Reno, Nevada