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KNUTSON, CARROLL F., INEL, EEG Idaho, Idaho Falls, ID; J. R. DYNI, USGS, Denver, CO; J. L. QIAN, Beijing Petroleum Univ., Beijing, China; F. D. BALL, 3-D Geoconsultants, Fredericton, N.B., Canada; V. KATTAI, V. PUURA, K. UROV, and A. KOGERMAN, Estonian Academy of Science, Tallinn, Estonia; A. C. HUTTON, Univ. of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia; G. SOLTI, Hungarian Geological Institute, Budapest, Hungary; and E. M. PIPER, Stone & Webster, Denver, CO

ABSTRACT: Previous HitOilNext Hit Shale in the 80s and 90s

A review of the Previous HitoilNext Hit shale developments in the decade of the 1980s, carried out by the AAPG/Previous HitEMDNext Hit Previous HitoilNext Hit shale Previous HitcommitteeNext Hit, reveals some interesting patterns. In the early portion of the decade the production of synfuels from Previous HitoilNext Hit shale received the major interest. The countries such as the USSR and China, with a mature shale Previous HitoilNext Hit industries, were in the middle of programs to accelerate the research and development efforts aimed at increasing shale Previous HitoilNext Hit production. Other countries with Previous HitoilNext Hit shale resources, such as the USA, Canada, Brazil, and Australia, were fielding major research and development efforts aimed at putting in place significant shale Previous HitoilNext Hit production capacities. Environmental awareness was growing during this period and-the calculated cost of shale Previous HitoilNext Hit was a monotonically increasing factor. The decrease in the price of crude Previous HitoilNext Hit in the early 1980s, resulted in detailed examination of the varied synfuel research and development projects and a general marked decrease in their funding.

The middle and late 1980s saw increased attention paid to the non-synfuel uses of Previous HitoilNext Hit shale. Some examples of successful applications are the (1) Israeli power generation with direct Previous HitoilNext Hit shale combustion and spent shale used for ceramics and cement, (2) Hungarian utilization of Previous HitoilNext Hit shale in agriculture, and (3) the utilization of spent shale as a cement component in Germany, Estonia, and China. Research in applications for shale Previous HitoilNext Hit components as petrochemicals and niche market hydrocarbons was and is being carried out in Estonia, Russia, and the USA.

Previous HitOilNext Hit shale is an abundant resource in a number of areas and research aimed at its beneficial economic utilization would appear to be a high return activity.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90987©1993 AAPG Previous HitAnnualTop Convention, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 25-28, 1993.