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ABSTRACT: Modelling of the Petroleum Formation in the Mahakam Sediments (Indonesia): Organic Geochemical Controls of the Results

Etienne Brosse, J. L. Ouidin, B. Pradier, F. Laggoun, J. Burris, G. Choppin De Janvry

Since the Miocene, the delta of the Mahakam River has accumulated thousands of meters of sediments in the eastern part of the Kutei Basin (Kalimantan, Indonesia).

Source-rock candidates are the coals of the deltaic plain and several types of shales, mainly the delta front/prodelta area. Organic matter basically derives from higher plants, but each source facies presents important intrinsic variations of petroleum potential. These variations are overprinted by subsequent maturation trends.

Geochemical and petrographical data are integrated on the general framework provided by a new synthetic interpretation of the sedimentary sequences, relying upon the concepts of seismic stratigraphy. From core samples at a given level of maturation, the variations of several organic parameters are discussed in relation to the depositional paleoenvironment and to the possible precursors.

1D and 2D numerical routines are used to reconstruct the maturation history of source rocks. These tools are based upon a kinetic modeling of kerogen cracking. Model outputs are compared with observed maturation trends. The understanding of the initial organic facies distribution provides precise constraints in the selection of a homogenous samples set for this comparison purpose.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90097©1990 Fifth Circum-Pacific Energy and Mineral Resources Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 29-August 3, 1990