--> --> ABSTRACT: Calcium Pumping and Anhydrite/Halite Relationships in Silurian A Unit of Michigan Basin, by Art W. Leibold and Paul D. Howell; #91022 (1989)
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Calcium Pumping and Previous HitAnhydriteNext Hit/Halite Relationships in Silurian A Unit of Michigan Basin

Art W. Leibold, Paul D. Howell

Observed relationships between Previous HitanhydriteNext Hit and halite in the A unit of the Michigan basin are not easily explained by classical evaporite depositional models. Within the Northern Reef trend, productive Niagaran pinnacle reefs are surrounded by A unit halite, which commonly exceeds 100 m in total thickness. However, A unit evaporites consist of thick Previous HitanhydriteNext Hit deposits on reef flanks and above reefs in the A-1 and A-2, respectively. Stratigraphic data suggest that the anhydrites surrounding reefs are contemporaneous with off-reef halite deposits. This reef-evaporite relationship poses three problems. (1) Why would gypsum precipitate from a halite-saturated brine? (2) Why are anhydrites associated with the reefs? (3) Why are anhydrites significantly thicker than predicted by vaporation models?

In a normal marine evaporation sequence (Hardie-Eugster model), gypsum is deposited from a brine until calcium is depleted. Upon further evaporation, the resultant halite-saturated brine would precipitate gypsum only in contact with a calcium source. We propose a calcium pumping mechanism whereby calcium-rich water associated with pinnacle reefs is responsible for gypsum precipitation around these reefs contemporaneous with off-reef halite. The additional supply of calcium also explains the anomalous thickness of these Previous HitanhydriteNext Hit deposits. Similar Previous HitanhydriteTop halos around pinnacle reefs have been observed in the Devonian Elk Point basin.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #91022©1989 AAPG Annual Convention, April 23-26, 1989, San Antonio, Texas.