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Abstract: Mesozoic to Cenozoic Paleogeography and Tectonics of the Apulian Platform

P. O. Yilmaz, Ian O. Norton, Richard J. Chuchla

In this study we utilize the tectonic history of the Apulian platform to constrain understanding of sedimentary basins of the Adriatic.

Apulian basement consists of Hercynian metamorphic rocks. Early Mesozoic created a distinct platform-basin geometry which focused Mesozoic hydrocarbon systems. Troughs with terrigenous fill are bordered by platforms with shallow water carbonates. Source rock facies are found in the troughs, while reservoir rocks are in the platforms.

Apulia separated from Africa in Jurassic time, and converged with Europe through Cretaceous to Paleocene time. Collision with Europe started in Eocene time. The eastern flank of Apulia collided with Europe in the Dinaride region along the Vardar suture. Deformation continued into Oligocene time, with an associated foredeep. The Western flank of Apulia did not collide with Europe; instead, it deformed internally as a result of Oligocene to Miocene convergence of Corsica and Sardinia. The resulting Apennine fold and thrust belt formed a foredeep in the Adriatic. Deformation continues to present day, as Africa and Europe converge. This foredeep plays a significant role in source rock maturation and trap formation.

AAPG Search and Discovery Article #90956©1995 AAPG International Convention and Exposition Meeting, Nice, France